Buckinghamshire has better overall health compared to England and the South East. Life expectancy is higher for men and women, however, the health of residents varies within, and between, local areas. For example, people living in more deprived areas are more likely to live in poorer health and die earlier than people living in more affluent areas. They are also more likely to develop multiple long-term conditions earlier, such as diabetes and heart disease.
Unhealthy behaviours increase the risk of developing these long-term conditions. In Buckinghamshire there are increasing rates of obesity in both adults and children. Smoking remains the leading risk factor for ill health and death in Buckinghamshire. During 2017 to 2019 cancer was the leading cause of death in Buckinghamshire, followed by cardiovascular disease.
People in Buckinghamshire have also experienced poorer mental health with rising diagnosis and referral rates and greater social isolation. The cost of living crisis has also impacted some people’s income, employment, and healthy behaviours– all factors that can affect people’s health and wellbeing.
Age-standardised mortality rate from cardiovascular disease, cancer and respiratory disease considered preventable in persons aged less than 75 years per 100,000 population.
The basic concept of preventable mortality is that deaths are considered preventable if, in the light of the understanding of the determinants of health at the time of death, all or most deaths from the underlying cause (subject to age limits if appropriate) could mainly be avoided through effective public health and primary prevention interventions.
To ensure that there continues to be a reduction in the rate of premature mortality (deaths to those under 75 years), there needs to be concerted action in both prevention and treatment.
This data includes charts showing the life expectancy of men and women in Buckinghamshire, healthy life expectancy, as well as maps showing how life expectancy varies according to where residents live and the year they were born. These are important summary measures of ill-health and death within the population.